Evaluating Zero Emission Vehicles in Last Mile Delivery Vocations

This study evaluates the potential use of zero and near-zero emission vehicle technologies in last mile delivery operations. The work characterizes delivery patterns for a number of last mile delivery vocations (e.g., beverage, warehouse, parcel, linen, food and local delivery) using truck daily travel data (from Fleet DNA). The authors compare parcel delivery driving data with other delivery vocations to identify different freight patterns; estimate the total cost of ownership (TCO) including externalities for different vehicle technology scenarios; conduct sensitivity analysis for the main factors affecting the TCO of zero emission technologies (EVs in particular); and evaluate different monetary incentives for electric trucks (EVs). The analyses show that vehicle use data from companies result in lower annual mileage, and significantly different fuel efficiencies than values assumed in public estimation tools. Moreover, EVs are a technical and financially feasible alternative for last mile delivery vocations under special uses, efficiencies and incentives. The study also quantifies the cost of abatement for externalities based on the levels of incentives provided.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee AT025 Standing Committee on Urban Freight Transportation.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

  • Authors:
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2019


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 6p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01697381
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 19-02809
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 9:26AM