Evaluation of Workability and Mechanical Properties of Nonfoaming Warm Mix Asphalt Mixtures

Laboratory evaluation of mix design and mechanical properties of Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) mixtures is necessary during the design process; consequently, the ability to quantify the compactibility of WMA mixtures would be very helpful. This article presents the findings of an experimental study aimed at evaluation of the influence of mixing and compaction temperature on mix design and mechanical and workability properties of nonfoaming WMA mixtures. Asphalt mix design properties were evaluated by the Marshall method and the Superpave method. Mechanical properties such as rutting resistance were evaluated by a laboratory wheel tracking test using a Wheel Rut Tester (WRT), and the resistance to moisture-induced damage was evaluated by the Tensile Strength Ratio (TSR) approach. Workability properties were evaluated in terms of Superpave Gyratory Compactor (SGC) densification indexes using the Bahia and locking point methods. Test results indicate that WMA mixtures compacted using SGC at a lower compaction temperature of 110°C, which satisfied the Voids in Total Mixture (VTM) requirement. In order to ensure the Voids in Mineral aggregate (VMA) and Voids Filled with Asphalt (VFA) requirements of WMA mixtures, compaction temperature should be restricted to 120°C. Furthermore, WMA mixtures prepared at lower compaction temperatures exhibited higher resistance to rut deformation because of higher Traffic Densification Index (TDI) values. The energy needed to compact the WMA mixtures at lower compaction temperatures was lower due to lower Compaction Densification Index (CDI) values. WMA mixtures made with surface-saturated dry aggregates and compacted at 110°C marginally fulfilled the minimum TSR requirement because of significant reduction in the Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS) values of conditioned specimen.


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  • Accession Number: 01691907
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 4 2018 5:01PM