Joint optimization of vehicle trajectories and intersection controllers with connected automated vehicles: Combined dynamic programming and shooting heuristic approach

Connected and automated vehicle (CAV) technologies offer promising solutions to challenges that face today’s transportation systems. Vehicular trajectory control and intersection controller optimization based on CAV technologies are two approaches that have significant potential to mitigate congestion, lessen the risk of crashes, reduce fuel consumption, and decrease emissions at intersections. These two approaches should be integrated into a single process such that both aspects can be optimized simultaneously to achieve maximum benefits. This paper proposes an efficient dynamic programming (DP-SH) with shooting heuristic as a subroutine) algorithm for the integrated optimization problem that can simultaneously optimize the trajectories of CAVs and intersection controllers (i.e., signal timing and phasing of traffic signals), and develops a two-step approach (DP-SH and trajectory optimization) to effectively obtain near-optimal intersection and trajectory control plans. Also, the proposed DP-SH algorithm can also consider mixed traffic stream scenarios with different levels of CAV market penetration. Numerical experiments are conducted, and the results prove the efficiency and sound performance of the proposed optimization framework. The proposed DP-SH algorithm, compared to the adaptive signal control, can reduce the average travel time by up to 35.72% and save the consumption by up to 31.5%. In mixed traffic scenarios, system performance improves with increasing market penetration rates. Even with low levels of penetration, there are significant benefits in fuel consumption savings. The computational efficiency, as evidenced in the case studies, indicates the applicability of DP-SH for real-time implementation.

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01688436
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 4 2018 3:03PM