An Adaptive Forward Collision Warning Framework Design Based on Driver Distraction

Forward Collision Warning (FCW) is a promising Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) to mitigate rear-end collisions. The deterministic FCW approaches may occasionally lead to the issuance of annoying false warnings, as they cannot be individualized for different drivers. This application oversight, which may cause the driver to deactivate the system, has been tackled with some adaptive methods. However, driver distraction, which is one of the most influential driver-specific factors on FCW warnings acceptability, has not been considered yet and is analyzed in this paper for the first time. Specifically, the adaptive FCW method proposed in this paper generates the warnings by continuously comparing Time Headway with a flexible threshold. The core of the proposed threshold updating mechanism is a real-time monitoring of the driver reactions against the previously generated warnings using the available indicators such as braking history. This method considers the driver distraction in parallel to fine-tune the calculated threshold in accordance with driver cognitive state. In order to incorporate the driver distraction in the system framework, a learning-based approach is designed which continuously estimates driver distraction by the virtue of different available Controller Area Network (CAN) bus time series, such as throttle pedal position, velocity, acceleration, and yaw rate. Neural network, as a widely adopted classification method, is nominated to detect driver distraction. The framework performance is evaluated over two realistic driving datasets. An approximately 80% false warning reduction is observed in analyzed safe scenarios, while no critical warning is missed in the dangerous ones.


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  • Accession Number: 01690439
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 29 2018 1:41PM