Measurements and Accuracy Evaluation of a Strapdown Marine Gravimeter Based on Inertial Navigation

The strapdown gravimetry system uses the combination of an Inertial Measuring Unit (IMU) and a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) to measure the Earth’s gravity field. Due to limited accuracies of IMU and GNSS, early strapdown gravimetry systems were more often used in airborne surveys, but less used in marine surveys. The authors developed a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS), the Sea-Air Gravimeter-2Marine (SAG-2M), using novel IMU components, whose accuracy was further improved with the application of Precise Point Positioning (PPP) and enhanced algorithm, making it possible to be used in marine gravity survey. The testing results of the SAG-2M were compared to those of the Lacoste and Romberg S-129 gravimeter on the same ship in the South China Sea basin. The cruise lasted for 50 days, during which 134 effective gravity profiles were measured, resulting in 174 crossover points. The results showed that, for the SAG-2M, the root mean square (RMS) crossover points were 1.35 mGal before difference adjustment and 0.69 mGal after difference adjustment; for the S-129 gravimeter, they were 5.62 mGal and 0.95 mGal, correspondingly. In calm sea conditions, the results of the two systems were relatively consistent at all wavelengths. However, in rough sea conditions, since the SAG-2M was not affected by the cross-coupling effect, its data demonstrated less high-frequency jump. A physical platform adopted in SAG-2M can further make the transition data effective when the ship is turning around. Therefore, SAG-2M was able to improve the proportion of valid data and the efficiency of data post-processing for measurements taken during the cruise. The testing results indicate that in terms of accuracy and efficiency in the marine gravity survey, SAG-2M is better than S-129. In addition, as the miniaturization and precision of inertial components are developing continuously, SAG-2M also shows great potential in miniaturization.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 13p
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    Open Access (libre)

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01689220
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 26 2018 2:20PM