This manual presents example studies and reports which implement the philosophy that the total stream crossing including the approach fills in the flood plains and all necessary waterway openings should be designed and constructed for the least total expected cost to the public. The total expected cost includes the capital investment in the highway, expected replacement and repair costs as a result of flood damages, expected user costs from traffic interruption and detour, and expected backwater drainages during the service life of the highway. Techniques for making engineering and economic studies for the least cost designs are presented along with suggestions for managing the time and work required for such studies. A unique design flood is defined for each bridge as the flood whose upstream stage is equal to the lowest elevation of the approach fill or bridge deck. Two example reports were prepared to illustrate the application of the method to a rural site (low backwater damage) and an urban site (high potential traffic interruption and backwater damage). (FHWA)

  • Corporate Authors:

    U.S. Geological Survey

    F Street Between 18th and 19th Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20244

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Schneider, V R
    • Wilson, K V
  • Publication Date: 1980-3

Media Info

  • Pagination: 142 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00322727
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-TS-80-226 Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: P.O. 5-3-0194
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 12 1981 12:00AM