MoMAC: Mobility-Aware and Collision-Avoidance MAC for Safety Applications in VANETs

Time-division multiple access (TDMA) based medium access control (MAC) protocol provides a promising solution to well support delay-sensitive safety applications in vehicular ad hoc networks, since a time-slotted access scheme ensures the transmission within the ultra-low delays. However, due to the varying vehicle mobility, existing TDMA-based MAC protocols may result in collisions of slot assignment when multiple sets of vehicles move together. To avoid slot-assignment collisions, in this paper, the authors propose a mobility-aware TDMA MAC, named as MoMAC, which can assign every vehicle a time slot according to the underlying road topology and lane distribution on roads with the consideration of vehicles’ mobilities. In MoMAC, different lanes on the same road segment and different road segments at intersections are associated with disjoint time slot sets. In addition, each vehicle broadcasts safety messages together with the time slot occupying information of neighboring vehicles; by updating time slot occupying information of two-hop neighbors (obtained indirectly from one-hop neighbors), vehicles can detect time slot collisions and access a vacant time slot in a fully distributed way. The authors demonstrate the efficiency of MoMAC through theoretical analysis and extensive simulations; compared with state-of-the-art TDMA MACs, the transmission collisions can be reduced by 59.2%, and the rate of safety message transmissions/receptions can be greatly enhanced.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01685769
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 15 2018 3:53PM