THE 1979 ENERGY CRISIS: WHO CONSERVED HOW MUCH?

The gasoline shortage during the summer of 1979 prompted New York State residents to adopt a series of conservation actions. 1,520 New York residents were surveyed to determine what action the public took, and what actions they would taken under two energy futures: gas at $1.50/ gallon; and a 20% shortfall. To quantify the energy savings implied by these actions, trip length, trip rate, and energy use data were applied to the responses. Results showed that residents did respond significantly to the 1979 energy crisis, saving over 6% of gasoline use in the first three quarters. The actions taken were varied and extensive, cutting across all facets of travel. Most conservation (44%) was accomplished through car-related actions, particularly bying a fuel-efficient car (20%) and car selling (16%). Carpooling, transit, and driving slower accounted for 8, 16, and 2% respectively, of the gasoline conserved in New York State. In cities with good transit accounted for up to 31% of the savings. Other wide differences were observed by age, income, auto ownership and location of respondents. The study concludes that since most savings was achieved by voluntary actions, government's role should be to expand and promote travel options and make them available to more people, rather than constrain or coerce behavior.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 42 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00322269
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Feb 6 1981 12:00AM