State-Space Coaxial Rotors Inflow Modelling Derived from High-Fidelity Aerodynamic Simulations

Wake inflow modelling is a crucial issue in the development of efficient and reliable computational tools for flight dynamics and aeroelastic analyses of rotorcraft. The aim of this work is the development of state-space, wake inflow modelling techniques for coaxial rotors perturbed from steady flight conditions, based on simulations provided by high-fidelity aerodynamic solvers. These provide relationships of the coefficients of an approximated linear distribution of wake inflow over upper and lower rotor discs either with rotor controls and helicopter kinematic variables or with thrust and in-plane moments generated by the rotors. A three-step identification procedure is proposed. It consists in: (i) evaluation of wake inflow due to harmonic perturbations of rotor kinematics; (ii) determination of the corresponding inflow coefficients (and rotors loads) transfer functions, followed by (iii) their rational approximation and transformation into time domain to obtain the final differential form. Aerodynamic responses are predicted through a boundary element method tool for potential flows, capable of capturing effects due to wake distortion, multi-body interference (like that in coaxial rotors) and severe blade–vortex interactions. The derived state-space models are validated by correlation with inflow distributions directly calculated by the aerodynamic solver, for a coaxial rotor subject to arbitrary perturbations.


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  • Accession Number: 01687419
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 26 2018 10:32AM