Safety Evaluation of Protected Left-Turn Phasing and Leading Pedestrian Intervals on Pedestrian Safety

The objective of the study was to evaluate the safety effects of two countermeasures with respect to vehicle– pedestrian crashes—the provision of protected or protected/permissive left-turn phasing and the provision of leading pedestrian intervals (LPIs)—using a before–after empirical Bayesian methodology. The study used data from North American cities that had installed one or both of the countermeasures of interest, including Chicago, IL; New York City, NY; Charlotte, NC; and Toronto, ON. This study showed that the provision of protected left-turn phasing reduced vehicle–vehicle injury crashes but did not produce statistically significant results for vehicle–pedestrian crashes overall. A disaggregate analysis of the effect of protected or protected/permissive left-turn phasing on vehicle–pedestrian crashes indicated that this strategy may be more beneficial when there are higher pedestrian and vehicle volumes, particularly above 5,500 pedestrians per day. At these high-volume locations, the left-turn phasing evaluation resulted in a potential benefit–cost (B/C) ratio range of 1:15.6::1:38.9. The evaluation of LPIs showed that the countermeasure reduced vehicle–pedestrian crashes. This evaluation produced a crash modification factor of 0.87 with a potential B/C ratio range of 1:207::1:517.


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Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 96p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01684515
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-HRT-18-044
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-13-D-00001
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 25 2018 9:45AM