STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FMVSS 301:FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY
A Statistical Evaluation of the Effectiveness of FMVSS 301:Fuel System Integrity. Donald W. Reinfurt. Center for the Environment and Man, Inc., Hartford, CT. Jun 81, 96P CEM-4254-679, DOT-HS-805 969 see also Rept. No. 6, PB81-152241. PB82-101965 price code: pc a05/mf a01 this is the final report of the statistical evaluation of (FMVSS) 301 fuel system integrity. FMVSS 301 is a death-and-injury reduction standard which includes requirements (effective 1 January 1968) on the limits of leakage from the fuel tank, filler pipes, and fuel tank connections during and after 30 mph frontal barrier crashes. The data available for analysis did not permit examining the frequency of fuel system rupture and/or fuel spillage nor the bottom line result of injury and death reduction due to FMVSS 301. The 109 post-crash fire cases available from the national crash severity study file permitted a descriptive analysis by standard period, car weight, impact site, object struck, type of collision, driver injury, etc. On the other hand, data from mid-1971 through 1978 crashes in North Carolina did permit an analysis of the effectiveness of FMVSS 301 through logistic regression procedures. The logistic regression models controlled for speed, impact site, and vehicle age within standard status. The first model provided a negative estimate (-0.28 with a standard error of 0.143) of the effectiveness of FMVSS 301 where the effectiveness estimate represented the percentage reduction in post-crash fire rates for the post-standard cars (ie., 1969-75 model year vehicles). Clearly the initial version of FMVSS 301 did not have the desired effect of reduced post-crash fire rates.
Center for the Environment and Man, Incorporated275 Windsor Street
Hartford, CT United States 06120
- Reinfurt, D W
- Publication Date: 1981-6
- Pagination: 96 p.
- Accession Number: 00321339
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transportation Systems Center
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-805969
- Files: TSR
- Created Date: Oct 30 1982 12:00AM