Dynamic ride sharing using traditional taxis and shared autonomous taxis: A case study of NYC

This study analyzes the potential benefits and drawbacks of taxi sharing using agent-based modeling. New York City (NYC) taxis are examined as a case study to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of ride sharing using both traditional taxis (with shifts) and shared autonomous taxis. Compared to existing studies analyzing ride sharing using NYC taxi data, the authors' contributions are that (1) they proposed a model that incorporates individual heterogeneous preferences; (2) the authors compared traditional taxis to autonomous taxis; and (3) the authors examined the spatial change of service coverage due to ride sharing. Their results show that switching from traditional taxis to shared autonomous taxis can potentially reduce the fleet size by 59% while maintaining the service level and without significant increase in wait time for the riders. The benefit of ride sharing is significant with increased occupancy rate (from 1.2 to 3), decreased total travel distance (up to 55%), and reduced carbon emissions (up to 866 metric tonnes per day). Dynamic ride sharing, wich allows shared trips to be formed among many groups of riders, up to the taxi capacity, increases system flexibility. Constraining the sharing to be only between two groups limits the sharing participation to be at the 50–75% level. However, the reduced fleet from ride sharing and autonomous driving may cause taxis to focus on areas of higher demands and lower the service levels in the suburban regions of the city.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01684381
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 23 2018 3:05PM