Wideband Millimeter Wave Communication: Single Carrier Based Hybrid Precoding With Sparse Optimization

In millimeter wave (mmWave) communication systems, hybrid analog/digital precoding with single-carrier transmission and time delay compensation is a promising technique for realizing the cost-effective large-scale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications with limited radio frequency (RF) chains. This paper studies the mmWave downlink with fully connected MIMO architecture system for the general frequency-selective channels. By leveraging the fact that the mmWave channels are likely to be sparse in the directions and the signal propagation is usually dominated by the line of sight path, the authors investigate the low-complexity single-carrier transmission scheme with time delay precompensation applied at the base station (BS). The resulting signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) is derived in terms of the precoding vectors by taking into account both the residual intersymbol interference and interuser interference. Based on the derived SINR expression, the authors first propose a codebook based precoding scheme, then develop an effective joint codeword selection and precoding algorithm by utilizing the group sparse approaches to accommodate a limited number of RF chains at the BS. Numerical results are provided to validate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes, showing that the proposed scheme achieves a performance close to the fully digital system.


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  • Accession Number: 01685898
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 18 2018 2:08PM