Cross-Polarized Three-Dimensional Channel Measurement and Modeling for Small-Cell Street Canyon Scenario

In emerging heterogeneous networks, small-cell base stations deployed along urban streets can increase the network capacity for vehicular access significantly. To fully exploit the potential of full-dimensional multiple-input-multiple-output technologies, it is critical to understand the propagation characteristics of the small-cell vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) access channels. In this paper, a measurement campaign for the three-dimensional propagation with ±45° polarizations was conducted at 2.6 GHz in a typical urban street canyon environment. The authors utilized a sounder with two cross-polarized uniformed planar arrays. The transmitter was placed on the rooftop of a five-storey building and the receiver was placed at the 15th position along a street with the line of sight (LOS). The elevation/azimuth of arrival (EoA/AoA), power spectrum, and root-mean-square angular spread of arrival (ESA/ASA) of the multipath components were measured. The authors propose a dual-Laplace probability density function (PDF) model for the EoA distributions that have LOS clusters and ground reflections. The authors propose two models, the flat-bottom Laplace PDF and the superposed Laplace PDF, to describe the clustering behavior of the AoA distributions. The authors also propose the Lognormal models for the ESA and ASA distributions. Furthermore, it is found that polarization does not affect the EoA and AoA distributions, but has a significant impact on the ASA and ESA. The measurement results and channel models can help with the design and evaluation of the spatial transmission/multiplexing technologies in the small-cell V2I access.


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  • Accession Number: 01695404
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 18 2018 2:07PM