Building Transmission Backbone for Highway Vehicular Networks: Framework and Analysis

The highway vehicular ad hoc networks, where vehicles are wirelessly interconnected, rely on the multihop transmissions for end-to-end communications. This, however, is severely challenged by the unreliable wireless connections, signal attenuation, and channel contentions in the dynamic vehicular environment. To overcome the network dynamics, selecting appropriate relays for end-to-end connections is important. Different from the previous efforts ( e.g., clustering and cooperative downloading), this paper explores the existence of stable vehicles and propose building a stable multihop transmission backbone network in the highway vehicular ad hoc network. This paper is composed of three parts. First, by analyzing the real-world vehicle traffic traces, the authors observe that the large-size vehicles, e.g., trucks, are typically stable with low variations of mobility and stable channel condition of low signal attenuation; this makes their interconnections stable in both connection time and transmission rate. Second, by exploring the stable vehicles, the authors propose a distributed protocol to build a multihop backbone link for end-to-end transmissions, accordingly forming a two-tier network architecture in highway vehicular ad hoc networks. Finally, to show the resulting data performance, the authors develop a queueing analysis model to evaluate the end-to-end transmission delay and throughput. Using extensive simulations, the authors show that the proposed transmission backbone can significantly improve the reliability of multihop data transmissions with higher throughput, less transmission interruptions, and end-to-end delay.


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  • Accession Number: 01684686
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 18 2018 2:07PM