A COMPARISON OF ALCOHOL INVOLVEMENT IN PEDESTRIANS AND PEDESTRIAN CASUALTIES
A field accident research study was conducted in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1975-1976 in order to determine the percentage and relative risk of alcohol involvement in adult pedestrian fatal and injury accidents; to identify in the alcohol-involved accidents any unique accident types, behavioral errors, or other characteristics; and to study the alcohol use patterns and drinker classifications of these pedestrians. Data were collected on pedestrian (age 14 and over) accident cases, and control groups were established. Positive blood alcohol concentrations (BAC's) were found in approximately half of both the fatally injured and nonfatally injured pedestrian groups. The outcome indicates that the degree of alcohol involvement in nonfatal crashes is as great as in fatal accidents and that a startling proportion of victims in both groups have very high BAC's. Depending upon the control group used, the relative risk of accident involvement increases at BAC's greater than or equal to .10% and accelerates rapidly at higher levels. There were indications that the path the pedestrian chose in crossing the road, the culpability of the pedestrian, and the frequency of the pedestrian striking the vehicle were related to the pedestrian's BAC. Areas for future research and potential countermeasures were identified.
- Presented at the 23rd Conference of American Assoc for Automotive Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky , 4-6 October 1979 (appears in Proceedings).
Dunlap and Associates IncorporatedOne Parkland Drive
Darien, CT United States 06820
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Blomberg, R D
- Fell, J C
- Anderson, T E
- Publication Date: 1979-10
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 20 p.
- TRT Terms: Adults; Blood alcohol levels; Conferences; Countermeasures; Crash injury research; Crash investigation; Crash types; Crashes; Data collection; Drivers; Drunk drivers; Drunk driving; Fatalities; Hazards; Injuries; Pedestrian vehicle crashes; Pedestrians; Research; Risk assessment
- Subject Areas: Highways; Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Research; Safety and Human Factors; I83: Accidents and the Human Factor;
- Accession Number: 00319852
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: HS-805 521
- Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-0-00946
- Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Aug 30 1982 12:00AM