On the cyclic behaviour of new pier-to-deck connections for short-medium span composite I-girder bridges

Short-medium span steel-concrete composite I-girder bridges are becoming more and more popular, because of the reduced construction time and costs. The light weight renders them particularly suitable also is seismic areas, even though this advantage has not been yet adequately investigated. In fact, in case of seismic loading, significant tensile forces might be exhibited at the bottom flange of the steel girder, especially when monolithic connection between deck and pier is adopted, and the connection, conceived for sustaining prevailing hogging bending moments, could experience an excessive damage. With this aim, the cyclic behaviour of new pier-to-deck joints involving the use of concrete cross-beams (CCB) has been recently analyzed within the European project (SEQBRI). This paper deals with the results of a wide experimental investigation of these new joints, performed with the aim of characterizing their hysteretic behavior. Three different typologies were tested: one designed according to the German standard DIN-FB-104, generally utilized for gravity loads only, and other two types proposed for bridges located in low (VAR-1) and medium (VAR-2) seismicity. A series of displacement-imposed cyclic tests highlighted a good seismic behaviour of all the tested solutions. In particular, the DIN-FB-104 VAR C and VAR-2 displayed a similar global behaviour in terms of maximum force and displacement, but with a more pronounced crack development and buckling of steel girders of the first solution. The VAR-2 also avoids possible pull-out phenomena in the CCB thanks to the beneficial action of pre-stressing bars.A damage analysis of the proposed connections was finally performed in view of the application of the performance-based earthquake engineering methodology and the quantification the seismic performance of this bridge typology, which was among the aims of SEQBRI project.


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  • Accession Number: 01684077
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 17 2018 3:13PM