Rapid-Setting Flowable Fill Performance in Cold Weather for Airfield Damage Repair

This report documents the repair process of five craters in cold weather utilizing rapid-setting flowable fill (RSFF) and rapid-setting concrete (RSC). The work discussed herein supports the Rapid Airfield Damage Recovery (RADR) Program, in which the main objective is to develop capabilities to rapidly repair damaged airfield pavements for the full spectrum of operational scenarios. The purpose of this report is to document constructability, to collect early-age properties pertinent to the ability of these crater repair techniques to carry aircraft traffic, and to measure performance by exposing crater repairs to simulated aircraft traffic. Crater repair testing occurred at the Frost Effects Research Facility at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory in Hanover, NH. Results showed RSFF could be a suitable cold-weather backfill. Aluminum sulfate was tested as an additive for use in cold weather, but repairs utilizing it did not perform well. The most efficient manner of using RSFF in cold weather was to heat the mix water. With heated mix water, a rapidly placed pavement repair was able to withstand 100 passes of an aircraft load cart after approximately 2 hr of cure time where RSFF was the backfill and RSC was the cap. ----SUBJECT Flowable fill; Cold weather; Immersion heater; Rapid-setting concrete repair; Rapid airfield damage recovery; Concrete additives; Runways (Aeronautics)--Maintenance and repair; Runways (Aeronautics)--Cold weather conditions; Pavements--Performance; Aluminum sulfate; Heavy vehicle simulators

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center

    Geotechnical and Structures Laboratory, 3909 Halls Ferry Road
    Vicksburg, MS  United States  39180-6199

    Mississippi State University, Mississippi State

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    Mississippi State, MS  United States  39762-9546

    Air Force Civil Engineer Center

    139 Barnes Drive, Suite 1
    Tyndall AFB, FL  United States  32403-5319
  • Authors:
    • Edwards, Lulu
    • Carruth, William D
    • Tingle, Jeb S
    • Howard, Isaac L
  • Publication Date: 2018-8


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 60p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01684231
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ERDC/GSL TR-18-26
  • Contract Numbers: 397483
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 11 2018 12:01PM