THE INFLUENCE OF COAL TRANSPORTATION COST ON THE OPTIMAL DISTRIBUTION OF COAL AND THE OPTIMAL LOCATION OF ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION PLANTS
More coal moves on both railways and waterways than does any other commodity. As consumption increases, market patterns and the average distance it is hauled are changing significantly. This investigation is an attempt to define optimal regional coal markets to best serve the nation's rising energy needs. The analysis supports the thesis that real world conditions illustrated by spacial differentiation can be more thoroughly understood following careful theoretical generalization and empirical estimates. Changes in the pattern of coal utilization caused by the conversion from oil and natural gas, along with the opening of the western coal deposits and the shifts in consumption to new areas and new users, inevitably cause significant modifications in our market analysis and in optimal coal-hauling patterns. The theoretical model was developed in the first year and is presented in this report. Being a report in progress, the analysis is neither complete nor definitive. The initial empirical results and the model are being revised and redefined on the basis of structural changes in demand and supply and the impact on location of electric power generating plants until the optimal market patterns consistent with national energy policies are obtained. By following the model, savings will be possible both in transport costs and in energy consumption.
West Virginia University, MorgantownRegional Research Institute
Morgantown, WV United States 26506
Department of TransportationOffice of University Research, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Campbell, T C
- Hwang, M J
- Publication Date: 1979-12
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 91 p.
- TRT Terms: Coal; Coal industry; Electric power generation; Forecasting; Freight traffic; Mathematical models; Physical distribution; Public utilities; Traffic forecasting; Unit trains
- Uncontrolled Terms: Utilities
- Subject Areas: Energy; Freight Transportation; Railroads;
- Accession Number: 00319687
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT/RSPA/DPB-50/7936Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-RC-82031
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Nov 29 1980 12:00AM