Numerical Investigation of the Performance of a Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil-Integrated Bridge System (GRS-IBS) under Working Stress Conditions

This paper presents the results of a finite element (FE) numerical analysis that was developed to simulate the fully-instrumented geosynthetic reinforced soil integrated bridge system (GRS-IBS) at the Maree Michel Bridge in Louisiana. Four different loading conditions were considered in this paper to evaluate the performance of the GRS-IBS abutment due to dead loading, tandem axle truck loading, service loading, and abnormal loading. The two-dimensional FE computer program PLAXIS 2D 2016 was selected to model the GRS-IBS abutment. The hardening soil model proposed by Schanz et al. (1999) was used to simulate the granular backfill materials; a linear-elastic model with Mohr-Coulomb frictional criterion was used to simulate the interface between the geosynthetic and backfill material. Both the geosynthetic and the facing block were modeled using linear elastic model. The Mohr-Coulomb constitutive model was used to simulate the foundation soil. The FE numerical results were compared with the field measurements of monitoring program, in which a good agreement was obtained between the FE numerical results and the field measurements. The range of maximum reinforcement strain was between 0.4 and 1.5%, depending on the location of the reinforcement layer and the loading condition. The maximum lateral deformation at the face was between 2 and 9 mm (0.08–0.4% lateral strain), depending on the loading condition. The axial reinforcement force predicted by FHWA (Adams et al. 2011) design methods were 1.5–2.5 times higher than those predicted by the FE analysis and the field measurements, depending on the loading condition and reinforcement location. However, the interface shear strength between the reinforcement and the backfill materials predicted by Mohr-Coulomb method was very close to those predicted by the FE.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • © 2018 American Society of Civil Engineers.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    New York, New York  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Abu-Farsakh, Murad
    • Ardah, Allam
    • Voyiadjis, George
  • Conference:
    • IFCEE 2018
    • Location: Orlando Florida, United States
    • Date: 2018-3-5 to 2018-3-10
  • Publication Date: 2018-6


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 98-108
  • Monograph Title: IFCEE 2018: Developments in Earth Retention, Support Systems, and Tunneling

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01686079
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780784481608
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Oct 4 2018 4:58PM