This report presents an analysis directed to the greater use of coal to displace foreign petroleum. It examines the US energy system in the year 1990 under the assumption of Federal laws and policies as existed in the last half of 1979 - in particular, the National Energy Act of 1978 and the new energy initiatives announced by the President in July 1979. Energy production, flow, and use patterns for the year 1978 are developed. Starting with this historical base, the constraints and initiatives identified by the National Energy Act and the President are used to develop a plan for the decade of the 90's that is technically feasible and economically viable. The end-use energy demands for the year 1990 are matched with estimated available domestic energy sources including coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear, hydro and other solar. The required scale of coal technology to supply future needs is established. Distillate fuels (transportation fuels) are identified as the critical barrier to reducing foreign oil dependence. Synthetic fuels from coal - with the emphasis on transportation fuels - offer the only solution available to eliminate this barrier in the remainder of this century. Although the necessary synfuels plants will require a capital investment of some $60 billion during the next ten years, this investment is 25% of that which is also needed in the same period for new coal-fired electric power plants.The implications of moving toward a coal-based economy, a discussion of present technology trends, and an action plan for eliminating the critical barrier to reducing petroleum imports are presented. (ERA citation 05:020038)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Engineering Societies Commission on Energy, Inc

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Publication Date: 1980-1

Media Info

  • Pagination: 59 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00318277
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Contract Numbers: EF-77-C-01-2468-016
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 16 1980 12:00AM