Handling characteristics of hypothetical electric vehicle configurations were studied by applying available analytical methods. Elementary linearized models were used in addition to a highly sophisticated vehicle dynamics computer simulation technique. Physical properties of specific EV's were defined for various battery and powertrain packaging approaches applied to a subcompact base car. The group of configurations considered gave a wide range of weight distribution and inertial properties which characterize a generic class of EV's. Computer simulations of structured maneuvers were performed for predicting handling qualities in the normal driving range and during various extreme conditions related to accident avoidance. Results consistently indicate that an EV with forward weight bias will possess handling qualities superior to a comparable EV that is rear-heavy or equally balanced; the handling differences become more pronounced as yaw moment of inertia is increased. Rear-heavy EV's were found to be particularly susceptible to excessive sideslip, long response times and undesirable phase lags. Results also demonstrate the importance of properly matching tires, suspension systems and brake system front/rear torque proportioning to a given EV configuration during the design stage. The methodology employed in this study can provide valuable guidance for developing electric (and other) vehicles which have satisfactory handling qualities. (ERA citation 05:007343)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Jet Propulsion Laboratory

    California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive
    Pasadena, CA  United States  91103

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Authors:
    • Greene, J E
    • Segal, D J
  • Publication Date: 1979-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 227 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00317724
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-028 537
  • Contract Numbers: NAS-7-100-955312
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 22 1980 12:00AM