Considering landscape in strategic transport planning

The implementation of transport infrastructure plans often has significant impacts on landscapes, especially where new roads and railroads are built. Key decisions regarding the building of new transport infrastructures are often made on a strategic level, where the long-term development of a region is determined, and before the infrastructure project actually begins. In this paper the authors build on previous advances in Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) theory by linking the process-related issues of the integration of these assessments in general to landscape issues in particular; the authors use a multiple case study of Swedish transport planning. Results of this study indicate that the particular planning processes the authors looked at failed to carry out strategic landscape assessments and integrate landscape assessments in the planning process. The authors conclude that this can be explained by the flawed procedure of assessing landscape, the unhelpful structuring of SEA reports and by process-related issues. The idea of applying a holistic understanding of landscape, in line with the ELC, was notably absent from the studied cases. The lack of consideration of landscape as a whole can be attributed to poor use of dissipated and fragmented knowledge about landscapes as well as weaknesses in the assessment procedure. The authors' results indicate that the traditions of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) are still prevalent in the practice of SEA, despite the fact that SEA theory has moved away from EIA-based methodology to become a tool for integrating environmental concerns into decision-making and for paying close attention to strategic decision processes.


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  • Accession Number: 01682790
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 26 2018 3:13PM