GASOLINE RATIONING BASED ON LICENSED DRIVERS OR VEHICLES: POTENTIAL FOR COUPON SALES BETWEEN INCOME GROUPS IN MICHIGAN (ABRIDGMENT)

This paper contains an evaluation of a proposed standby gasoline rationing plan released by the U.S. Department of Energy for public comment in June, 1978. It suggested that the unit of allocation for gasoline be registered vehicles rather than licensed drivers, which was deemed to be a quicker to implement and to be more realistic response to existing use. The plan provided for a fixed allocation of gasoline to all registered vehicles. All privately owned vehicles under 4535 kg (10,000 lb) would receive an allocation based on the national average consumption for an automobile (estimated at 2830 L/year or 748 gal/year), less a percentage necessary to respond to the predicted. The allocations would be made for periods of about 90 days; and the ration rights would be distributed directly to the public with a small amount of additional rights (perhaps 3 percent of the total) distributed through state government agencies to provide relief for hardship cases. Ration rights could be traded legally at uncontrolled prices, which would provide a white market through redistribution of income to offset general inflationary effects and benefit poorer households. Two fundamental findings of the study are the similarity between income groups in the number of vehicles per driver and the major increase in daily kilometers driven with increasing household income; therefore, the potential for a white market to operate between high-and low-income groups is considerable. There are also significant differences in the amount of daily travel as a function of the vehicle size most often used. The effect of vehicle size on rationing is also influenced by the distribution of vehicle classes within each income group; because, in general, higher-income groups opt for more large vehicles than do lower-income group.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 29-32
  • Monograph Title: EVALUATING TRANSPORTATION PROPOSALS
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00312462
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309029864
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-028 844
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 27 1985 12:00AM