INJURIES TO OCCUPANTS DURING LATERAL VEHICLE COLLISIONS

INSASSENVERLETZUNGEN BEIM SEITLICHEN FAHRZEUGUNFALL

During a period of 2 1/2 years an investigating team at the clinic for accident surgery in Hannover compiled and evaluated data concerning 348 accidents not involving pedestrians or motorcycles. Among the 527 vehicles involved lateral impact was found to form the second highest proportion of accidents with a percentage of 31%. Basis for the following discussions are 94 vehicles which sustained only lateral damage in the area of the passenger compartment. 153 vehicle occupants were involved. Of these 20,2% were uninjured. 26,2% of those involved sustained fatal or severe injuries. Classification of the frequencies of injuries to various regions of the body showed a clear preponderance of the upper parts of the body. The head (70%), the thorax (44%) and the upper extremities (35%) being the most frequently affected. On the other hand comparing the average severity of injury to the various regions, the severe injuries to the thorax, abdomen and pelvis must be remarked. In the head area muscular injuries are the most numerous, whereas in the thorax muscular and bone injuries are equally frequent, while in the abdominal region internal injuries predominate. Further results of the investigation were that the severity of the injuries increased directly with the amount of deformation of the sides of the vehicle both for primary and for secondary collisions. (TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Springer Verlag

    Heidelberger Platz 3
    1000 Berlin 33,   Germany 
  • Authors:
    • SUREN, E G
    • Behrens, S
    • Gotzen, L
    • Stuertz, G
  • Publication Date: 1978

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 284-287
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00311910
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • ISBN: 3-540-08598-X
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 12 1981 12:00AM