COMBINED TRANSPORTATION IN THE LIGHT OF THE ENERGY CRISIS
The author C Chene begins by listing three observations which cause him to be cautious about the results of studies already made into combined road/rail transport energy saving. He describes the Swedish study "Energy Efficiency in Passenger and Freight Transportation" which he chose for reference purposes. Having quoted the relevant statistics, and cross-checked them with other figures, he makes a rough overall estimate of energy saving which "might result from recourse to combined transport". He lists the advantages of combined transport and discusses methods of increasing its popularity, e.g. fiscal measures and subsidies, particularly by means of Community financing. The question of costs and problems associated with market access are also mentioned. Having commented on the vulnerability of road transport to government pressure as a result of the oil crisis, the second author M Marmy compares percentages of proven petroleum reserves and their contribution to primary energy needs in the industrial world with those sectors, such as transport and the chemical industry, which depend entirely on petroleum for their economic function. He suggests that coal, natural gas and nuclear energy can be used to replace petroleum to cut "the vast quantities of oil required for the production of electricity and heating". The second part of the paper examines the advantages and limitations of combined rail and road transport and the author concludes by hoping that rail techniques will continue to develop so that road vehicles will not be forced into carrying goods better suited to transport by rail. The third author G Flechon stresses the favourable energy balance enjoyed by the rail transport mode, in comparison with road transport, stating that it is the least vulnerable for its energy requirements. He suggests that combined transport offers an appropriate solution to the problems caused by the energy crisis and discusses the measures taken by the French Agency for energy saving and the German Federal authorities to facilitate and create incentives favouring this form of transport. He emphasises the necessity for governments to offer their national networks the possibility of investing both in equipment directly necessary for combined transport and in their infrastructure. In closing he reviews the contribution of Intercontainer to energy saving and comments on its investment in new wagons, etc.
- Three papers by C. Chene, M. Marmy and A. Flechon, forum of the International Container Bureau, Paris, November 9, 1979.
International Cargo Handling Coordination AssnAbford House, 15 Wilton Road
London SW1V 1LX, England
- Publication Date: 0
- Pagination: 17 p.
- Cargo Handling Abstracts
- Issue Number: 0
- Publisher: International Cargo Handling Coordination Assn
- TRT Terms: Competition; Containerization; Costs; Energy consumption; Energy resources; Intermodal services; Intermodal transportation; Transportation modes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Energy crisis
- Old TRIS Terms: Energy requirements; Intercontainer; Truck rail services
- Subject Areas: Energy; Finance; Freight Transportation; Railroads;
- Accession Number: 00311775
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: International Cargo Handling Coordination Assn
- Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 26 1980 12:00AM