The Role of Driver’s Situational Awareness on Right-Hook Bicycle-Motor Vehicle Crashes

The objective was to explore the effect of driver Situational Awareness (SA) on “right-hook” bicycle-motor vehicle crashes involving right turns into adjacent bicyclists. Previous literature suggests that improper allocation of motorists’ visual attention, inadequate surveillance, and poor SA are contributing factors to bicycle-motor vehicle crashes in other types of encounters. Fifty-one participants completed this driving simulator study. Right-turning motorists’ SA was measured using the SAGAT technique in the presence of a through-moving bicyclist in an adjacent bicycle lane during the latter portion of the green phase at a signalized intersection using a three (bicyclist’s relative position) by two (presence of oncoming left-turning vehicle) within-subject factorial design. Each participant made 21 right turns, nine of which were immediately followed by SA queries, and crash avoidance behavior was measured at the last intersection, which involved a crash-likely scenario. The bicyclist’s position significantly influenced motorists’ overall SA (p < 0.05) and Level 2 SA (comprehension) (p < 0.05). Level 1 SA (perception) degraded when oncoming vehicles were present and the bicyclist was approaching from behind (p < 0.05). Level 3 SA (projection) degraded when the bicyclist was ahead of the motorist and oncoming vehicles were present (p < 0.05). Level 1 SA and crash occurrence were negatively correlated (rpbi = −0.3, p < 0.05). Motorists focused more attention on cars in front of them and less attention on bicycles in the peripheral vision. A common cause of observed crashes in the simulator was detection error. The bicyclist approaching from behind the motorist is the most vulnerable to a right-turning motorist.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01681428
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 10 2018 3:04PM