A Kriging based spatiotemporal approach for traffic volume data imputation

Along with the rapid development of Intelligent Transportation Systems, traffic data collection technologies have progressed fast. The emergence of innovative data collection technologies such as remote traffic microwave sensor, Bluetooth sensor, global positioning system (GPS)-based floating car method, and automated license plate recognition, has significantly increased the variety and volume of traffic data. Despite the development of these technologies, the missing data issue is still a problem that poses great challenge for data based applications such as traffic forecasting, real-time incident detection, dynamic route guidance, and massive evacuation optimization. A thorough literature review suggests most current imputation models either focus on the temporal nature of the traffic data and fail to consider the spatial information of neighboring locations or assume the data follow a certain distribution. These two issues reduce the imputation accuracy and limit the use of the corresponding imputation methods respectively. As a result, this paper presents a Kriging based data imputation approach that is able to fully utilize the spatiotemporal correlation in the traffic data and that does not assume the data follow any distribution. A set of scenarios with different missing rates are used to evaluate the performance of the proposed method. The performance of the proposed method was compared with that of two other widely used methods, historical average and K-nearest neighborhood. Comparison results indicate that the proposed method has the highest imputation accuracy and is more flexible compared to other methods.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • © 2018 Hongtai Yang et al.
  • Authors:
    • Yang, Hongtai
    • Yang, Jianjiang
    • Han, Lee D
    • Liu, Xiaohan
    • Pu, Li
    • Chin, Shih-Miao
    • Hwang, Ho-Ling
  • Publication Date: 2018


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: e0195957
  • Serial:
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01679928
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 9 2018 4:18PM