Legal Considerations in Evaluating Relationships between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers

Technology-based transportation network companies (TNCs; e.g., Uber) provide competition to traditional ride-hailing services (e.g., taxis) and public transit. However, TNCs and other on-demand providers also present opportunities to complement public transit. These ridesourcing service providers (RSPs) have not fallen neatly within traditional regulatory schemes. States and municipalities have differed in their approaches to devising appropriate regulatory responses. This has resulted in a patchwork of rules and regulations that vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Transit agencies have partnered with RSPs in varying capacities, both contractually and non-contractually. Such connections with public transit present potential regulatory, liability, procurement, and other legal concerns. This digest has been written for public and private practitioners interested in the forthcoming direction of public transit and efforts to provide on-demand services to the public. It provides transit agencies with legal guidance for considering whether to enter into relationships with RSPs. Issues examined in this digest include: description of ridesourcing services in the U.S.; state and municipal legislative and regulatory schemes and their effect on RSP relationships with transit agencies; the structure of RSP procurements and what changes may be required for such procurements; contractual and partnership provisions in agreements between RSPs and a public transit agency; issues of compliance with federal legislation and with civil rights requirements and the Americans with Disabilities Act; legal claims and litigation associated with RSPs and related agency responsibility; and risk management issues stemming from relationships between RSPs and transit agencies.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Glossary;
  • Pagination: 236p
  • Serial:
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01677461
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780309390392
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TCRP Project J-05, Topic 17-03
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 7 2018 9:11AM