Introducing a Global Maximum BAC Standard: Why It Matters

This International Road Federation (IRF) white paper examines the issues surrounding drinking and driving, and suggests steps to reduce road fatalities and injuries resulting from drunk driving. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, 1.24 million people die and up to 50 million are injured in traffic accidents each year. This affects everybody, whether as crash victims, or indirectly from the economic costs of medical care, loss of productivity, and property damage. To lower the risks of traffic accidents, not only must road users change their behavior, but there must be strong laws and enforcement, and public awareness campaigns to promote such change. Such behavioral changes do not happen quickly, and require continued effort and strong encouragement. The IRF recommends that change should start with: 1) every country enacting laws requiring any driver with a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .05 or higher to be prosecuted for drunk driving; 2) a lower BAC limit for inexperienced or commercial motor vehicle drivers. Any long-term behavioral change also requires that such laws be supported with strong enforcement and a broad public campaigns on the need for a .05 BAC.


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  • Accession Number: 01680737
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 16/03
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 2 2018 1:42PM