Differential rutting in Canterbury New Zealand, and its relation to road camber

In Canterbury New Zealand, chip seal is the primary surface material for rural state highways. The roads are designed to accommodate various types of traffic; traffic that has grown steadily over the past decade. The growth in dairy and logging, two of New Zealand’s main exports, resulted in a large rise in milk and logging trucks. This significant increase in traffic has led to a significant amount of pavement failure due to rutting which predominantly occurs in the outside wheel path rather than the inside. This paper provides a review and analysis of long term pavement performance (LTPP) data at two rural sites. Data from these sites show more rutting in the outside wheel path than the wheel path close to the crown of the road. Contributing factors observed from the literature are included in this paper and it was shown that the main contributing factor to rutting is load (traffic). Road pavements are constructed to be homogeneous but anecdotally it is known that using camber or a crown will divide the load from traffic more towards the outside wheel. Some general factors that increase the difference are the axle width, height of the centre of mass, the camber percentage and present rutting depth. Calculations show that the difference in load on the left and right wheel can lead to quite different equivalent single axle load (ESAL) values compared to values calculated based on the average load. In fact, an example using Austroads shows that the ESAL value can almost double if actual wheel loads are used. It also shows that there are no other mechanisms that adequately account for this difference.


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01677412
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 29 2018 3:00PM