Development of a CFD model for simulating vehicle cabin indoor air quality

As the level of CO₂ within the vehicle cabin increases, the risk of accidents as a result of driver drowsiness and a slowing of the reactions also increases. Accordingly, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation model was developed in this study to explore the effects of outdoor air ventilation rate on vehicle cabin indoor air quality and the amount of outdoor air required for each person in a vehicle. The results show that using the outdoor air supply rate recommendations of ASHRAE Standard 62.1 (i.e. 2.5 l/s per person) the mean CO₂ concentrations in the cabin are around 2850 ppm. The results also show that using the outdoor air supply rate recommendations of 4.0 l/s per person for improved human wellbeing, the corresponding mean CO₂ concentrations in the cabin are around 1810 ppm. Moreover, the present study found that an outdoor fresh air flow rate of 9.2 l/s per passenger was sufficient to reduce the carbon dioxide concentration within the cabin to a safe value of 1000 ppm. Furthermore, an outdoor fresh air flow rate of 3.6 l/s per passenger resulted in a carbon dioxide concentration of around 2000 ppm.

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01678120
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 25 2018 3:19PM