A PSYCHOLOGICAL VIEW OF GUIDANCE AND DRIVING BEHAVIOUR

LEITWIRKUNGEN UND FAHRVERHALTEN AUS PSYCHOLOGISCHER SICHT

An investigation is reported in which drivers were questioned on their awareness of road markings and traffic signs (no overtaking and stop signs). 83% and 81% respectively could reproduce direction arrows and stop lines, whilst only 61% could indicate the no overtaking sign and 56% the stop sign. Against this there was only a minimal understanding of the dangerous significance of crossing and driving over double white lines and prohibited areas of carriageway. Road markings provide the driver with continuous orientation assistance (optimal response to the guidance principle) and ease the process of peripheral vision, which is basic to the keeping of position on the road (reduced steering movement) and the estimation of speed. A further effect of edge and lane lines lies in a form of optical deception; marking the lanes makes them appear to be narrower and driving is slower and more precise. Side and edge markings acquire special significance during conditions of reduced visibility, such as fog and dazzle. From an investigation it can be shown that routine drivers use road markings to provide economic visual behaviour. Carriageway markings also have the advantage that they are observed and accepted by the driver. They therefore allow the traffic planner, in a complex manner, to exercise influence upon the driver. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Road Safety Board, Austria

    Oelzeltgasse 3
    A-1030 Vienna,   Austria 
  • Authors:
    • Hosemann, A
  • Publication Date: 1978-3

Language

  • German

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00309658
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 11 1980 12:00AM