Use of driving-impairing medicines by a Spanish population: a population-based registry study

The objective of this study was to assess the use of driving-impairing medicines (DIM) in the general population with special reference to length of use and concomitant use. A population-based registry study was used. The year 2015 granted medicines consumption data recorded in the Castile and Leon (Spain) medicine dispensation registry was consulted. Participants included medicines and driving-impairing medicines (DIM) consumers from a Spanish population (Castile and Leon: 2.4 million inhabitants). Patterns of use by age and gender based on the length of use (acute: 1-7 days, subacute: 8-29 days and chronic use: >=30 days) were of interest. Estimations regarding the distribution of licensed drivers by age and gender were employed to determine the patterns of use of DIM. DIM were consumed by 34.4% (95% CI 34.3% to 34.5%) of the general population in 2015, more commonly with regularity (chronic use: 22.5% vs acute use: 5.3%) and more frequently by the elderly. On average, 2.3 DIM per person were dispensed, particularly to chronic users (2.8 DIM per person). Age and gender distribution differences were observed between the Castile and Leon medicine dispensation registry data and the drivers' license census data. Of all DIM dispensed, 83.8% were in the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical code group nervous system medicines (N), which were prescribed to 29.2% of the population. The use of DIM was frequent in the general population. Chronic use was common, but acute and subacute use should also be considered. This finding highlights the need to make patients, health professionals, health providers, medicine regulatory agencies and policy-makers at large aware of the role DIM play in traffic safety.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • © 2017 Eduardo Gutierrez-Abejón et al.
  • Authors:
    • Gutierrez-Abejón, Eduardo
    • Herrera-Gómez, Francisco
    • Criado-Espegel, Paloma
    • Alvarez, F Javier
  • Publication Date: 2017


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: e017618
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01676965
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 24 2018 3:56PM