STRESS LIMITS, ADAPTION AND COMPENSATION OF THE MOTOR CAR DRIVER

BELASTUNGSGRENZEN, ANPASSUNG, KOMPENSATION DES AUTOFAHRERS

At the German-Society for Road Traffic Medicine's 1978 annual conference the theme of stress and performance limits of car drivers was discussed. The authors consider that the performance of the driver in a difficult situation on the road does not demand his total performance ability but generally only a reserve which is out of the control of the driver's will and only becomes effective in situations where life is at risk. A reduction in the readiness to react is observed when the stimulations of the mind are too monotonous and it is at these times that the danger of an accident is increased, just as when an excess of stimulation exists. With experienced drivers who show automatic driving behaviour in the sensory - motor area the capacity for processing information is greater than with learner drivers. With respect to drivers with heart and circulation illness it was observed that only those whose illness is insufficiently or totally uncontrollable by drugs are no longer capable of driving. Particular attention should be given to visual acuity. The ability of the eyes to adapt reduces with increasing age, mainly at dusk as does the adaptation time during changes in light and different distances. The reduced driving ability of invalids can be compensated by technical modifications to the vehicle. The paper is concluded by brief comments concerning the influence of weather conditions on accident incidence and on the symptoms of tirednes in drivers. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Nederlandsche Vereniging Van Artsen-Automobilisten

    P.O. Box 64
    Utrecht,   Netherlands 
  • Publication Date: 1978-9

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 12-20
  • Serial:
    • Arts en Auto
    • Volume: 54
    • Issue Number: 9
    • Publisher: Nederlandsche Vereniging Van Artsen-Automobilisten

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00309558
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 26 1980 12:00AM