A decade of dynamics of residential location, car ownership, activity, travel and land use in the Seattle metropolitan region

Using data of attitudes in the Puget Sound region the authors first identify predispositions in favor of car use (car loving persons and households) and distinguish them from other predispositions favoring other modes (transit and carsharing lovers). Then the authors explore if like-minded people (homophily) live together and examine heterogeneity within their households. To do this the authors analyze attitudinal data using multilevel latent class clustering that allows identification of groups of persons and groups of households jointly. The authors' analysis identifies distinct groups of people with different attitudes towards modes and the authors do not find strong homophily in attitudes within households. The distinction of attitudes among persons transfers well to the household level giving the authors the opportunity to identify and test differences among the different attitudinal groups using longitudinal records. The authors then move to a longitudinal analysis using a small sample of households that participated in more than ten years of the Puget Sound panel survey to explore the sequence of their residential location characteristics, car ownership, and travel. The authors find in descriptive statistics and in a second application of multilevel cluster models that carpool and transit loyalty persists over time by a portion of car pool and transit lovers. The authors also find sustained use of cars by car loving households, sustained car use of a neutral in attitudes group, a group of younger households with positive attitudes towards carsharing and sustained car sharing over time, and a possibly disenfranchised older household group lacking access to opportunities. The inclusion in the analysis of the two residential location characteristics (evolution of density and diversity around the household residence) enabled a more complete analysis and a clearer description of household context for both attitudes and behavior.


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  • Accession Number: 01677795
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 21 2018 3:02PM