Rethinking MARPOL Enforcement

Since Annex I of the International Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Ships (MARPOL Convention) entered into force on October 2, 1983, international enforcement has proceeded unevenly. Annex I prohibits the discharge of oil or oily mixtures from ships. The enforcement scheme in the MARPOL Convention protects and limits sovereignty by dividing responsibility among flag states, coastal states, and port states. While only flag states have the authority to enforce marine pollution prohibitions in international waters, they often lack the resources and/or the will to fulfill their duty in this regard. Several steps would help close enforcement gaps and further the convention's ultimate goal of protecting the marine environment. These steps include: 1) expanding coastal and port state authority to take enforcement action; 2) extending the regulatory requirements to track oil from cradle to grave to smaller vessels; and 3) unifying enforcement and penalty provisions in overlapping U.S. laws.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01676638
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 19 2018 12:07PM