ACCIDENTS TO PEDESTRIANS ON ZEBRA CROSSINGS

UNFAELLE VON FUSSGAENGERN AUF DEM ZEBRASTREIFEN

In the years 1973 to 1975, 1139 accidents were recorded - a number corresponding to approximately 30 per cent of the total number of pedestrians struck by vehicles on zebra crossings in Switzerland. The list of accidents to pedestrians is divided into age groups and into persons affected slightly, severely and fatally. It can be seen for example that of 164 fatally affected victims 118 (72 per cent) were over 60 years of age and 24 (15 per cent) were below 20 years. From the police accident reports it can be seen that the cause of the accident lies with the pedestrian in 42 per cent of the cases and, in approximately 54 per cent, with the driver. It is pointed out that if driving speed is lower prior to an accident, this gives both parties more time to recognise the situation and react, hence shorter stopping distances result. In addition a reduced amount of kinetic energy is released, i.e. the severity of the accident can be reduced. Further in the paper the numbers of drivers, passengers and pedestrians injured and killed in the city of Zurich - based on the population - are illustrated geographically. Successful accident prevention measures resulted in a 22.6 per cent reduction in the number of accidents to car occupants. For pedestrians this figure was 6.1 per cent. It can be seen that despite everything the number of accidents on zebra crossings with signal lights was greater than those with protection islands or stopping places without special optical signals. The majority of accidents take place on road crossings without any markings, i.e. crossing places chosen at will by the pedestrian. On zebra crossings with signals an 80 per cent reduction in accidents was recorded compared with those without signal control. (TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Springer Verlag

    Heidelberger Platz 3
    1000 Berlin 33,   Germany 
  • Authors:
    • Zipkes, E
  • Publication Date: 1978

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: p. 78-84
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00309296
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • ISBN: 3-540-08598-X
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 9 1980 12:00AM