CHILDREN AND AUTOMOBILE COLLISIONS. FATAL INJURIES TO CHILD OCCUPANTS 1973-1975

The report describes 62 accidents where 65 children were killed, and seven accidents where seven belted children and two children in child safety seats were injured. Frontal collisions are the most common type of collision, but multiple collisions, side collisions and rollovers are common and have to be taken into consideration in discussions about safety for children in cars. Head injuries are the most common cause of death. Injuries to chest, abdomen and neck are not so common despite the seriousness of the accidents. These injuries are often combined with special circumstances, e g ejection. Fatal injuries were in 20 cases combined with ejection. Six children were killed when they were thrown between the front seats. Three children were killed on laps of adults. Thirteen children were killed unbelted in front seats. Forty children were killed unbelted in rear seat. Seven cases of belted children and two cases of children in child seats have been described. In spite of the seriousness of the accidents, none of them sustained neck injuries. The authors state that a safe car for children must: (1) prevent their head from coming in contact with unfavourable structures in a crash, (2) prevent children from passing front seats and (3) prevent ejection - and ejection happens through windscreen, side windows, rear windows and doors. Thus a favourable environment for children in cars at impact demands many changes to current designs. Another possibility would be to restrain the children. It is the opinion of the authors that several of the children mentioned in this report would have survived - if properly restrained. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    AB Volvo, Personvagnsdivisionen

    Goeteborg,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Andersson, A A
    • Jonasson, K
  • Publication Date: 1978-5

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 30 p.
  • Serial:
    • Volvo Report
    • Publisher: VOLVO (FIRM) VOLVO, AB VOLVE, BUS DIVISION

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00309042
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 26 2003 12:00AM