FRACTURES OF THE ARCHES OF THE ATLAS: A STUDY OF THEIR CAUSATION

The anatomical findings in 22 cases (among them 15 car occupants, 1 car driver and 1 pedestrian) with fractures of the arches of the atlas have been correlated to the reconstructions of the course of events in the accidents. The atlas fractures due to trauma to the vertex of the head or feet-buttocks were the result of oblique retroflexion of the head or compression of the anterior-lateral part of the upper cervical spine. Trauma against the forehead caused bending fractures of the posterior arch and a contributing factor in all cases has simultaneously occurring fractures of the odontoid process of the axis. Traction of the neck, most pronounced on either the right or left side, occurred in almost all victims sustaining atlas fractures due to trauma to the chin. Avulsion fractures of the inferior margin of the anterior arch were caused by lateral tilting of the head. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Lund University of Technology, Sweden

    Fack S-22007
    Lind 7,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Skoeld, B G
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

  • Features: Photos; References;
  • Pagination: 21 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00316820
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 15 1981 12:00AM