In this research, the authors focus on the actual conditions of the inhabitant parking spaces and the parking spaces for tourists in the Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings (IPDGIB), how these parking conditions developed overtime in the historical city area and in the history of land use. The authors use Makabe town, where the density of historic buildings is low, as a case study.  The authors carried out field investigation for the research, they found a setting pattern of large parking spaces for tourists, and the parking spaces for residents were counted. With the help of the house register, the authors clarified the characteristics of the appearance of the parking spaces.   As a result, both the residents 'and the tourist's in Makabe town are captured inside the IPDGIB, recording changes to the historical townscape. In addition, the parking space occupies 16% of the area the authors surveyed. Looking at the existence situation of the parking spaces, in the residential areas parking can be in front of the building, a large number of parking spaces are dispersed in the historic urban space of Makabe town. On the other hand, parking spaces were provided at vacant lot for both residents and tourists to park for a monthly fee. It was confirmed by the state of the site in Meiji 35, the traditional industry declined with the modernization (brewing industry), or the building which became unnecessary by the change of society was demolished (Jinya, public building), vacant lot and it turned out that the space was diverted to a large parking space.  When considering the relationship of Makabe town and IPDGIB System, as a result of selecting the district, the buildings that became a specific property are preserved, but the other buildings are demolished and become useful parking spaces. In other words, the system can not prevent that to happen. Efforts toward preservation at the mural wall is relatively late, and it is in the background that it was selected as the IPDGIB since the appearance of the parking spaces advanced. In particular, having both residents and tourist parking spaces held inside is a fact that should be consulted carefully for other historical urban areas where no preservation measures have yet been taken. In the future, while promoting utilization of historical buildings, devise a method of reconstructing and shielding the site already vacant, refining the installation method of the parking space in consideration of the history of the historic city, it is required attention.


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  • Accession Number: 01675508
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
  • Files: TRIS, JSTAGE
  • Created Date: Jun 30 2018 3:01PM