Improved Battery SOC Estimation Accuracy Using a Modified UKF With an Adaptive Cell Model Under Real EV Operating Conditions

Electric vehicles (EVs) require reliable and very accurate battery state-of-charge (SOC) estimation to maximize their performance. A commonly used estimation technique, the extended Kalman filter (EKF), provides an accurate estimate of the SOC. However, EKF has some limitations, such as it assumes the knowledge of the statistics of the process noise and measurement noise is available, which practically cannot be guaranteed. In this paper, an adaptive equivalent-circuit model is proposed and used for SOC estimation. The proposed model is based on a common cell model with adaptive parameters tracking feature implemented using an artificial neural network controller embedded within the model. A variant of the EKF, namely the unscented Kalman filter (UKF), is used to achieve more accurate estimates of the SOC with a relatively fast convergence speed. The UKF uses the unscented transform to obtain the statistics of the process noise covariance. Furthermore, the autocovariance least-squares technique is used to estimate the measurement noise covariance by accounting for possible correlation in the measurement innovations, which enhances the accuracy of the estimate. Derivation of the proposed method followed by experimental verification is presented in this paper.


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  • Accession Number: 01679170
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 7 2018 11:02AM