Stochastic characterization of wind field characteristics of an arch bridge instrumented with structural health monitoring system

This paper aims to conduct a stochastic characterization of wind field characteristics nearby an arch bridge based on long-term monitoring data from an instrumented structural health monitoring (SHM) system. The fluctuating wind characteristics are first presented by analyzing the real-time wind monitoring data. A genetic algorithm (GA)-based finite mixture modeling approach is proposed to formulate the joint distribution of the wind speed and direction. For the probability density function (PDF) of the wind speed, a two-parameter Weibull distribution is applied, and a von Mises distribution is selected to present the PDF of the wind direction. The parameters of finite mixture models are estimated by the GA-based parameter estimation method. The effectiveness of the proposed direct probabilistic modeling approach is validated by use of one-year of wind monitoring data, and compared with the traditional angular-linear (AL) distribution-based indirect modeling approach in terms of the Akaike’s information criterion (AIC), Bayesian information criterion (BIC) and R² value. Results indicate that the proposed GA-based finite mixture modeling approach fits the measured data better than the AL distribution-based indirect modeling approach. In addition, the joint distribution of the wind speed and direction will facilitate the wind-resistant design and wind-induced fatigue assessment of long-span bridges.


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  • Accession Number: 01671826
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 29 2018 4:23PM