Emergency and Disaster Preparedness of School Transportation Staff and School Buses in the United States: Compliance With Recommendations for School Transportation Safety

School transportation services need to be prepared for emergencies and disasters that may occur during normal school travel hours. The purpose of this research was to determine compliance with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for the safe transportation of children to and from school and school-related activities. During the 2013-2014 school year, the authors distributed an electronic questionnaire to school transportation staff represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. Questions asked included: demographics of the school transportation staff responder; presence of safety devices and medical equipment on the school bus; and perceived training for and comfort with handling emergencies. A 13% response rate provided 558 completed questionnaires to analyze. Results showed: 89% of responders had first aid training; 28% had training in basic life support; and 52% had cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. 81% of buses had communication devices; 97% had first aid kits; 89% had fire extinguishers; 1% had automatic external defibrillators; and 2% had epinephrine autoinjectors. 30% of responders reported having no training in medical emergencies. 13% of responders have not had training (or are unfamiliar with) protocols regarding emergency shelters and community evacuation plans in the event of a disaster. It is concluded that compliance rates with recommendations for the safe transportation of children vary. Opportunities for improvement include: supplying training in the recognition and initial management of pediatric emergencies; equipping buses with restraint devices; keeping selected emergency medications and equipment available on the buses; and informing school transportation staff about designated emergency shelters and community evacuation plans.

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01682444
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 29 2018 4:23PM