Dynamic Properties of Stay Cables on the Bill Emerson Bridge

Cable-stayed bridges have been recognized as the most efficient and cost-effective structural form for medium- to long-span bridges over the past several decades. With their widespread use, cases of serviceability problems associated with large amplitude vibration of stay cables have been reported. Stay cables are laterally flexible structural members with very low inherent damping and thus are highly susceptible to environmental conditions such as wind and rain/wind combination. Recognition of these problems led to the incorporation of different types of mitigation measures on many cable-stayed bridges around the world. These measures include surface modifications, cable crossties, and external dampers. Modification of cable surfaces has been widely accepted as a means to mitigate rain/wind vibrations. Recent studies have firmly established the formation of a water rivulet along the upper side of the stay and its interaction with wind flow as the main cause of rain/wind vibrations. Appropriate modification of exterior cable surface effectively disrupts the formation of a water rivulet. The objective of this study was to supplement the existing knowledge base on some of the outstanding issues of stay cable vibrations and develop technical recommendations that may be incorporated into design guidelines. Specifically, this project focused on identifying in-situ cable dynamic properties and performance of crossties on the Bill Emerson Bridge near Cape Girardeau, MO. Forced vibration tests were conducted on the stay cables during the latter stages of construction just prior to and following installation of grout as well as before and after installation of a single line of crossties. Cable properties, such as vibration frequencies and damping levels, were established and compared with design targets. The measured cable frequencies compared well with values calculated using standard formulas and numerical methods. The measured levels of inherent damping in the cables were low as expected, and the resulting low Scruton numbers confirmed the need for installation of cable crossties.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Laboratory Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Maps; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 202p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01671742
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-HRT-17-037
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-07-D-00034; DTFH61-13-D-00011
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: May 29 2018 9:26AM