Export Spread, Farmer Revenue and Grain Export Capacity in Western Canada

Starting in the 2013-14 crop year, a lack of export capacity resulted in substantial increases in the spread between farm and port freight on board (FOB) prices in western Canada. This created a very difficult situation for the farming community. The authors calculate that this situation reduced grain farmers’ income over the 2013-14 and 2014-15 crop years by approximately C$6.7 billion. Clearly, the grain handling and transportation system has problems and capacity to move grain is one of them. To evaluate the need for grain export capacity expansion, the authors forecast future grain production using a rational expectations model to estimate future export spreads and subsequent rents. The authors find that without capacity improvements, the expected cost of limited grain export capacity could exceed C$5.6 billion over the next decade. Capacity improvements on the order of a 25% increase will likely mitigate this issue in the future.


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  • Accession Number: 01670342
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 25 2018 3:57PM