Optimal Nonuniform Steady mmWave Beamforming for High-Speed Railway

Using higher frequency bands (e.g., millimeter waves) to provide higher data rate is an effective way to eliminate performance bottleneck for future wireless networks, particularly for cellular networks based high-speed railway (HSR) wireless communication systems. However, higher frequency bands suffer from significant path loss and narrow-beam coverage, which pose serious challenges in cellular networks, especially under the HSR scenario. Meanwhile, as one of the key performance indexes of ultrareliable and low-latency communications in 5G systems, network reliability should be guaranteed to provide steady reliable data transmission along the railway, especially when safety-critical railway signaling information is delivered. In this paper, the authors propose a novel beamforming scheme, namely, optimal nonuniform steady mmWave beamforming, to guarantee the network reliability under an interleaved redundant coverage architecture for future HSR wireless systems. Moreover, the authors develop a bisection-based beam boundary determination (BBBD) method to determine the service area of each predefined RF beam. Finally, the authors demonstrate that the proposed optimal nonuniform steady mmWave beamforming can provide steady reliable data transmissions along the railway, and the network reliability requirements can be guaranteed when the proposed BBBD method is used. The authors expect that our optimal nonuniform steady mmWave beamforming provides a promising solution for future HSR wireless systems.


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  • Accession Number: 01674324
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 17 2018 12:42PM