The compressibility of the compacted New Providence Shale was studied as a function of the compaction variables, viz., water content, compactive foot pressure, compaction effort, and compacted density. All samples were compacted in the kneeding device to simulate low, standard and modified impact energy levels. All compression and/or heave was one-dimensional. Compactive prestress was found to increase with compaction pressure and to decrease with compaction water content. To simulate the effects of the service environment, compacted samples were confined and saturated with measurement of volume change. Such changes were either increases (heave) or decreases (settlement or collapse). Settlement was found to increase with increase in confining stress and with increase in initial void ratio. It also increased with decrease in initial water content. Heave increased with decrease in confining stress, with decrease in initial void ratio, and with increase in initial water content. The prediction equations developed in this report are of the type needed to predict settlements or heaves within compacted shale embankments in service. (FHWA)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Purdue University/Indiana Department of Transportation JHRP

    Purdue University, School of Civil Engineering
    West Lafayette, IN  United States  47907-1284

    Indiana State Highway Commission

    Indianapolis, IN  United States  46204

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Witsman, G R
    • Lovell, C W
  • Publication Date: 1979-9-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 181 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00315059
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/IN/JHRP-79/16 Intrm Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: 1(17) Part II
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 5 1980 12:00AM