Use of Geographical Information Systems for Noise Mitigation on Access Roads to Urban Areas

Noise is an issue of continuing public concern in many countries, and efforts are devoted to trying to control it or hold it down. In countries on their way to development, noise is an issue unattended in general terms. Among the aspects that should be considered to control noise are: the control of noise from the emitting source such as engines, tires, and the design of quieter vehicles, planning of land use and design techniques and road construction. It is known that countries on their way to developing have limited funds for investing in noise control projects. A methodological proposal for the allocation of noise mitigation measures based on a geographic information system (GIS) is presented. This methodology considers the main aspects that influence noise pollution in road access to urban areas. It quantified the noise levels generated by vehicular traffic on three main entrances to the city of Chihuahua. Maps were elaborated using equal loudness curves. The map of existing land uses was established at the entrances to the city, based on official regulations. An algorithm was developed to assign conservation actions. In addition, a map of recommended mitigation measures is presented. It is based on a criterion founded on: the number of decibels that the site exceeds the standard, use of soil in adjacent land, pavement type and conditions of the surface road. This algorithm optimizes limited funds to mitigate noise pollution on access roads to urban areas.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 13p
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the 25th World Road Congress - Seoul 2015: Roads and Mobility - Creating New Value from Transport

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01670574
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9782840604235
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 0020
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 10 2018 12:43PM