Importance of Bus Connections to Light Rail Accessibility Gains

The research explored whether light rail and associated bus service changes soften the impacts of spatial mismatch in the region by improving transit employment accessibility. Specifically, researchers set out to answer the following questions: (1) To what degree the implementation of light rail and associated bus service changes led to changes in transit employment accessibility? (2) How do accessibility changes differ for high- and low-wage workers? and (3) Are jobs and/or workers relocating to take advantage of light rail and bus connections? Researchers produced systemwide, 30-min cumulative opportunity employment accessibility calculations for the region before and after light rail implementation. They then estimated ordinary least squares regression models to explain accessibility changes to low-, medium-, and high-wage jobs as a function of location in light rail station areas and along bus routes offering a direct connection, as well as social and built environment control variables. Following the accessibility analysis, researchers also modeled net change in commute flows for commutes between transit-served origins and destinations to explore workers’ and employers’ location decisions following light rail implementation. Researchers found effective integration with a fine-grained network of local bus connections crucial to the success of light rail. Implications for light rail planning practice are discussed.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 344-357
  • Monograph Title: 13th National Light Rail and Streetcar Conference: Transforming Urban Areas
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01672578
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780309450591
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 10 2018 10:34AM